Whose Daughter is She?

A Martha Campbell was enumerated with Edward and Martha (Lennox) Campbell’s family in the 1861 Canada West and 1871 Canada Censuses for Bosanquet Township, Lambton County:

1861 Canada West Census for Bosanquet Township, Lambton County
-Martha Campbell, born Ireland, religion Church of England, age 71

1871 Canada Census for Bosanquet Township, Lambton County
-Martha Campbell, female, age 16, born Ontario 2

She married Elijah Clark 18 July 1872 at Bosanquet Township, Lambton County, Ontario.3 Edward and Ann Campbell are listed as her parents on her wedding registration.

Parentage proven. Or is it?

As I continued research into this family I discovered that a Martha Campbell, daughter of Edward and Ann Campbell had married Oswald Foster 28 December 1859. Since the couple and their witnesses gave their place of residence as Bosanquet Township probably that is where the marriage took place. So the question arises. Would a family have two female children who used the name Martha? More research into the Martha listed on the two censuses was needed.

Martha (Campbell) Clark gave birth 17 July 1880 to Ann [Annie] Catherine Clark. The birth was registered twice, 014524 registered 6 August 1880 and 014937 registered 16 February 1881.4

Elijah and Martha Clark moved to Michigan in 1890. She was enumerated in the 1900 United States census for Mackinaw City, Cheboygan County, as a hotel keeper.5 Her daughter Anna was working as a waitress. Family lore claims that Elijah was kicked in the head by a horse. I have found no death record for him to date. Martha apparently remarried Thomas Carslile [Carlisle] 18 August 1909 at Casanova, Muskegon County, Michigan.6 She is listed in the marriage registration as a cook and her maiden name, Camble [Campbell], is written underneath her married name, Clark. A death registration for Martha Carlisle, wife of Thomas Carlisle, for the Township of Tyrone, Kent County, Michigan, date of death 6 February 1917, gives her father’s name as David.7 Linking these events together requires belief that the information given in the second marriage does in fact identify Martha (Campbell) Clark and that I have the correct death registration.

The item that identified the relationship between Edward Campbell and Martha (Campbell) Clark was his will. Martha is identified as a niece as opposed to a daughter. Edward wrote in his will that he bequeathed “…to my niece Martha Clark $100.00 & to her daughter Annie $100.00…”8 Neither of the census records referred to earlier identify people listed under a couple as sons or daughters so they are not proof of family relationship. If Edward and Ann had acted as parents for Martha for any length of time their names on the marriage registration would be appropriate although not necessarily accurate in the context of birth parents.

So the question still remains. Whose daughter is she?

There were two “Irish” Campbell heads of households living in Bosanquet Township and one “Irish” Campbell visitor enumerated in the 1861 Canada West Census for Lambton County. Edward, uncle of Martha (Campbell) Clark, and David Campbell age 48 were living in the township. My great grandfather, John Pratt Campbell, living in London Township, Middlesex County at the time, was enumerated as David’s visitor.9 David was a widower living with three sons and possibly a step son ages 24, 20, 11 and 22. All four were single.

David died 16 March 1862 according to his cemetery stone in Ward Cemetery, Bosanquet Township.10 My speculation is that with the death of her father David, Martha at the age of 7 or 8 would have had no caregivers other than her brothers, Alexander, David, James and John, none of whom were married at that time. It would have been logical for Edward and Ann to have taken her into their family. Although Ann’s middle name is Catherine, which was the name of David’s wife, and the death certificate lists David as her father I don’t feel that this data is sufficient to connect David and Martha as family to date. So the jury is still out, but I no longer think that she is the daughter of Edward Campbell.

1. Martha Campbell entry, 1861 Canada West Census, Lambton County, district 2, Bosanquet Township, p. 46 [11 written in beside the 46], line 41, Library and Archives microfilm C-1040.

2. Martha Campbell entry, 1871 Canada Census, Ontario, district 4, Lambton County, sub-district Bosanquet Township, division 4, p. 22, line 12, Library and Archives microfilm , C-605 [number used by Sarnia Public Library, not the original number ].

3. Marriage registration for Elijah Clark and Martha Campbell, Bosanquet Township, Lambton County, p.28, Ontario Vital Statistics microfilm, downloaded from www.Ancestry.ca 24 September 2006.

4. Birth registration for Annie Catherine Clark, Ontario Vital Statistics Microfilm, registration no. 14937, registered 1881.
Birth registration for Ann Clark, Ontario Vital Statistics, registration no. 14524, registered 1880.

5. Martha Clark family entry, 1900 United States Census, Michigan, Cheboygan County, City of Mackinaw, Supervisor’s District no. 10, Enumeration District no. 66, sheet no. 6, lines 15-16, downloaded from www.Ancestry.ca.

6. Marriage registration for Martha (Campbell) Clark and Thomas Carslile, Return of Marriages in the County of Kent, for the quarter ending 30 September 1909, p. 73 downloaded from familsearch.org 29 September 2009.

7. State of Michigan Certificate of Death for Martha Carlisle, registration no. 552, downloaded from http://seekingmichigan.org 15 September 2009.

8. Will of Edward Campbell, dated 27 November 1895, Surrogate Court Records, Archives of Ontario microfilm, series GSN, reel 2004, file no. 2112, 1896.

9. David Campbell family and visitors entry, 1861 Canada West Census, Enumeration District 1, Township of Bosanquet, p.1, Library and Archives microfilm reel C-1040, accessed at the Lambton County Archives, Wyoming, Ontario.

10. Cemetery stone for David Campbell, Ward Cemetery, Bosanquet Township, Lambton County, Ontario. Photograph held by author.

Alan Campbell
Lambton Lifeline
Lambton County Branch OGS
(c) 2018

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